Unguru Mare Cave
A different cave, whose history begins with the Stone Age. Unguru Mare Cave has the most impressive portal in Pădurea Craiului, 32 meters high. The cave overwhelms its visitors with the grandeur of the underground space and the historical load of the remains discovered here.
The access to the cave is made on a bridge suspended over the waters of Crișul Repede, a prelude to this adventure.
On the entrance part, the underground space is in the form of a large gallery with an approximately linear development, the floor being almost horizontal. On the floor, a milky stream slowly makes its way. Its main characteristic is the whitish color, given by the presence of a rare mineral, called crisit, after the Latin name of the river Crişul Repede. The mineral compounds that make it up originate in the acidic waters from the old mining works existing in the region.
Traces of human habitation have been discovered in this cave since the Neolithic, an era to which many discoveries of stone tools are linked: carved blades, carved chisels made of carved and polished stone. Fragments of painted ceramic vessels are added to Neolithic tools, as well as bone objects such as needles and grindstones probably used to sew animal skins.
The most important discoveries belong to the Bronze Age. They were made in the last gallery, called the “Sacred Gallery”, where a cemetery dating from this period was discovered. From here, pieces of ceramic vessels that could be completely reconstituted, bronze pieces and tools were brought to light. The most important piece is an amber bead of Baltic origin, a rarity in this area that shows us how developed trade was at that time.
Location and Access
Access to the cave from E60 (Oradea – Cluj)
Topa de Criș – Vadu Crișului – Șuncuiuș
Access to the cave from E 79 (Oradea – Deva)
Beiuș – Delani – Petreasa – Remetea – Căbești – Roșia – Damiș – Bratca – Bălnaca – Șuncuiuș
The access to the cave is made on the local road that branches from DJ 108I near the railway barrier, at the entrance in the village of Bălnaca.
|Monday - Sunday:||10.00 - 18.00|
The cave is closed from November 1st to April 1st, to protect the colonies of bats that hibernate here.
- Duration of the visit: 30 minutes
- Temperature inside the cave: 9 – 12 0C. We recommend that you have appropriate clothing and footwear.
- Group size: minimum 10 people / entrance, maximum 35 people / entrance
Rates and Methods of payment
|Child (5-14 years)||10 RON|
|Adult, Child (over 14 years)
Child (under 5 years)
Methods of payment:
Facilities and services
- Coach parking
- Toilets Picnic area
- Via ferrata Climbing
- Themed trail “Forest inhabitants”
- Gift shop
- Guidance services